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May 2024

Refinishing Hardwood Floors

Hardwood floors are incredibly tough but can still take their fair share of scratches and dents. It’s time for Hardwood Floor Refinishing Bergen County NJ if they get too bad.

Before sanding, clear the area of rugs and furniture. Also, be sure to seal the vents and close the doors. This will keep the dust from blowing throughout the home.


If your hardwood floors are starting to show signs of wear, refinishing them can bring new life to the space. However, refinishing is not a project to tackle on your own and requires professional equipment and knowledge of the best practices. This guide walks you through the process of refinishing hardwood floors, from determining whether it’s right for your home to applying the final coat of floor finish.

Before refinishing, it’s a good idea to repair any deep scratches or gouges in the surface of the wood, using a putty knife and wood filler. Also, if there are any loose or damaged boards, secure them with finishing nails. Finally, reinstall any baseboards or quarter-round trim. It’s important to keep in mind that refinishing can generate significant amounts of dust. To reduce dust in the rest of your home, close any vents and seal doorways with painter’s tape.

Once your floors are ready, we’ll begin the sanding process. First, the sanders will use a coarse grit to remove the top layer of the existing finish, which can take one day or multiple days depending on the size of the room. We follow the National Wood Flooring Association’s sanding guidelines to produce a smooth and even surface.

When this step is complete, the sanding dust will be vacuumed up and the floors are vaccumed and dry-tacked in preparation for the staining process. Once the stain is applied, it will need to dry for a full day before we can apply the polyurethane topcoat.

When choosing a topcoat, you can opt for a simple sealer or more protective polyurethane. A simple sealer seeps into the pores of the wood and creates a clear coating over its surface, but it won’t resist stains as well as more durable topcoats. Polyurethane is more common nowadays and provides a hard, almost plastic-like substance that will repel most stains.

Refinishing hardwood floors requires a bit of grit to remove the old finish and smooth out the surface. It’s best to consult with a professional who has experience in this process. However, it’s possible to do it yourself if you follow the proper steps. A solid-wood plank floor that is at least 3/4-inch thick can usually be refinished up to six times in its lifespan, depending on the amount of traffic.

Prior to refinishing, it’s important to sweep and vacuum the entire surface area of your flooring. It’s also necessary to examine the floors for protruding nails, which can ruin a sanding belt or pad. If the floors have existing damage, repair it with wood putty and a putty knife.

After sanding, the floors should be swept again to remove dust particles and debris. It’s a good idea to use a microfiber mop or tack cloth dampened with mineral spirits to thoroughly clean the floors. It’s important that the floor is completely free of dust or other particles before the final staining step, as even small amounts of hair or sawdust can show through the final coat. It’s also a good idea to fully ventilate the room as you work.

Once the floors have been cleaned, you can apply a polyurethane floor finish. It’s best to apply a series of light coats rather than one heavy coat, which will cause the floor to look blotchy and unattractive. Work in reachable sections and overlap each pass by about a third.

If your floors are engineered, you will need to be very careful not to grind through the thin layer of hardwood and into the plywood or other material that makes up the rest of the floor. If you’re unsure whether your floors are solid or engineered, it’s simple to check by removing an air vent and looking at the flooring.

Staining your floors adds a final touch that will tie the room together. It can also camouflage any blemishes left behind by water damage, pet urine, or previous stains. Darker stain colors like ebony or true black can create a dramatic look and work well with both traditional and modern decor styles. However, darker stains require more regular maintenance since they show dirt and scratches more easily.

Before beginning the staining process, make sure you have enough stain on hand to cover the entire floor. It can take a few coats to get the desired appearance. If you are using a new stain product, test it in a small area before applying it to your hardwood floor. Always use a soft bristle brush to apply the stain and follow the manufacturer’s directions on how long to allow the stain to soak before wiping it away.

Once the stain is dry, the wood will need to be sealed in order to protect it from scuffing and other damages. Depending on the type of sealer you choose, it may be necessary to sand the floors again with fine, 320-grit sandpaper before applying another coat.

After sanding, it is best to vacuum the floor again and use a clean rag to wipe down any remaining dust or debris. If you’d like, you can also water pop the floor by mopping it with clean, distilled water to open up the pores of the grain. This step isn’t essential but it can help you achieve a smoother appearance for your stain.

Once your floors are sanded and stained, the last step is to seal them. This will prevent the wood from reacting with the finish and creating an unsightly mess. It will also protect your investment. It is estimated that a properly sealed hardwood floor will last up to twice as long as an untreated one.

To get started on the sealing process, you’ll need to ensure that your sanded hardwood is smooth and free of scratches and dents. This will typically mean a second pass with the sanding machine. This time, you’ll want to use a large rotary sander. This will save you a lot of time and give you more consistent results.

Before sealing, you’ll need to fill any nicks and gouges on the surface of the flooring using a wood putty and wide knife. This should be allowed to dry according to package directions. Once you’re sure that your floor is ready, vacuum it again to remove any debris or dirt. It’s important to keep in mind that you’ll be creating a considerable amount of dust when working on your floors, so you’ll want to cover vents and doors with painter’s tape and seal them shut.

You can choose from a variety of sealers for your hardwood floors, including oil modified, water base, de-waxed shellac and stain sealer. Oil-based sealers provide a natural look and are easy to apply. However, they do not hold up well to heavy foot traffic and require re-oiling every three to five years.

Water-based sealers, on the other hand, offer durability and longevity. They are also less toxic and easier to work with. You can also tint these types of water-based wood sealers to match your stain.

Hardwood floors add warmth and beauty to any room, but they are not immune to wear and tear. If your hardwood floors have become damaged or don’t match your décor, refinishing them is an affordable and easy solution. But before you begin, it’s important to know the process and whether it is right for your home.

Before starting the refinishing process, it’s crucial to know what type of flooring you have. There are many imposters that claim to be hardwood, but are made of materials that cannot be refinished. For instance, laminate is a synthetic material that is layered and embossed to mimic the look of wood, but can’t be refinished with chemical abrasives.

On the other hand, engineered wood floors are usually made of a thin layer of hardwood over multiple layers of composite material and plywood. These layers help prevent the floor from shifting over time, but make it more difficult to sand and refinish. It’s best to consult a professional before beginning the refinishing process if you have engineered hardwood flooring.

After sanding, the floors should be stain-coated. This will protect the wood from water and everyday use, as well as add color to your floor. Stain is available in a variety of finishes, from matte to high-gloss. Keep in mind that high-gloss sheens may magnify minor imperfections.

The final step is to install base shoe molding (also known as quarter-round) along the edge of the floor and reinstall the baseboards. You should also replace any vent covers and doors. This can be a messy project, so it is best to work in a large, well-ventilated area. Open the windows and run large fans to help pull in fresh air and push out odors caused by the polyurethane refinishing products.